J. S. Bach- Gamba Sonata No. 1
A. Tansman- Sonatina for Bassoon and Piano
Carl Maria von Weber- Concerto in F major for Bassoon
Stony Brook University
DMA Recital #1
Monday, November 19th, 2012 12:30pm Staller Recital Hall
Sonata for Viola da Gamba and Harpsichord J.S. Bach
in G major BWV 1027 (1685-1750)
Allegro ma non tanto
Robert Warner, Harpsichord
Bachianas Brasileiras No. 6 for Flute and Bassoon (1938) Heitor Villa-Lobo
Aria (Choro): Largo (1887-1959)
Laurie Baefsky, Flute
Sonatina for Bassoon and Piano (1952) Alexandre Tansman
Allegro con moto (1897-1986)
Aria: Largo con cantabile
Scherzo: Molto vivace
Fadi Deeb, Piano
Concerto in F major for Bassoon (1822) Carl Maria von Weber
Allegro non ma troppo (1786-1826)
Fadi Deeb, Piano
This recital partially fulfills the requirements for the Doctor of Musical Arts degree in bassoon performance. Rachel Koeth is a student of Mr. Frank Morelli.
Johann Sebastian Bach is revered as a genius composer and organist. This German composer was born in Eisenach and died in Leipzig. J.S. Bach was the youngest of the eight children of Johann Ambrosius Bach, and orphaned at age ten. Both J.S. Bach and his brother Johann Jacob were raised by their oldest brother, Johann Christoph Bach, who was organist at Ohrdruf. The Viola da Gamba Sonata in G major was originally a trio sonata for two transverse flutes and continuo (BWV 1039) which was composed in 1736. Sometime before 1741, Bach arranged it for viola da gamba and harpsichord (BWV 1027), which is the version you will hear today on bassoon. Bach further recycled his own music and transcribed the last movement of this sonata for the organ (Trio in G BWV 1027a). No matter the instrumentation, the imitative and conversational aspect of this sonata is a focal point of this work.
Heitor Villa-Lobos was a Brazilian composer whose musical language deeply reflects Brazilian popular melodies and style. Bachianas Brasileiras No. 6 for Flute and Bassoon is one of nine pieces of the completed work. The other Bachianas brasileiras are written for different instruments and colors, such as a cello ensemble, a chamber orchestra, the piano, soprano voice, and a string orchestra. All nine works are homage to J.S. Bach, and reflect aspects of baroque counterpoint and form, while the melodies are derived from popular Brazilian street tunes. Choro is a musical style popular from the 1920s and 1930s, and can be thought of as the Brazilian equivalent of American Jazz in New Orleans. The movement titled Fantasia is in a freer form than the Aria, juxtaposing different characters and melodies.
Alexandre Tansman was born in Łódź, Poland, and later moved to Paris where he was awarded French citizenship in 1938. Tansman and his family fled to America during WWII, but returned to Paris in 1946, where he composed this sonatina that will be performed today. This composer and pianist was a member of l'école de Paris (School of Paris), a circle of composers from central and eastern Europe, which included Martinů, Alexander Tcherepnin, Conrad Beck and Marcel Mihalovici. Tansman’s friends and major compositional influences were Ravel, Stravinsky and Gershwin. Sonatina for Bassoon and Piano is a miniature sonata lasting only seven minutes and features driving rhythms, repeated notes and patterns, aspects of jazz, fugues, and nostalgic melodies.
Carl Maria von Weber was a key composer in the development of German Romantic opera, a conductor, a pianist and a critic. His output includes wind concertos, arias, duets, solo songs, piano works, chamber works, and staged works. Concerto in F major for Bassoon and Orchestra was originally written in 1811 and revised in 1822 and published in Berlin in 1824. It was commissioned by King Friedrich August for the bassoonist Georg Friedrich Brand. Like his operatic works, Weber’s bassoon concerto focuses on a melody with a light accompaniment texture, while maintaining virtuosity and pushing the limits of the performer. Weber was born in Eutin and died in London, with his style and influence reaching Mendelssohn, Wagner, Berlioz and Liszt.