H. Villa-Lobos- Quintette in forma de chôros
Department of Music
Chamber Doctoral Degree Recital
Laurie Baefsky, Flute
Kendra Hawley, Oboe
Amr Selim, Horn
Rachel Koeth, Bassoon
Monday, December 3, 2012 2:30 PM, Staller Center Recital Hall
Woodwind Quintet Elliott Carter
Allegretto (1908 – 2012)
Wind Quintet No. 1 Jean Françaix
Andante tranquillo (1921-1997)
Theme and Variations:
Andantino con moto
Tempo di Marcia francese
Wind Quintet, Op. 43 Carl Nielsen
Allegro ben moderato (1865 – 1931)
Theme and Variations 1-12
Quintette en forma de chôros Heitor Villa-Lobos
Rachel Koeth is a student of Frank Morelli and Laurie Baefsky is a student of Carol Wincenc. This recital is in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Doctor of Musical Arts.
Elliott Carter is acclaimed as the leading American voice of modernism in the 20th and 21st century. A native New Yorker born in the city, his first mentor was Charles Ives before he began his official studies with Walter Piston and Gustav Holst. His musical language started as neoclassical, influenced by his contemporaries Copland, Hindemith and Stravinsky. After 1950, he shifted his compositional style away from neoclassicism and developed a unique and signature rhythmic and harmonic language. His Woodwind Quintet was composed in 1948 and dedicated to his teacher, Nadia Boulanger, as a transitional piece between these two styles. In this two movement work, melodies, ragtime rhythms and intricate sharing of eighth-note and sixteenth-note subdivisions are passed around from instrument to instrument.
Jean Françaix was a French composer and pianist who was born in Le Mans and moved to Paris to study with Nadia Boulanger, the famous teacher of great American composers like Carter and Copland. Françaix is the most frequently performed French composer of the 20th century, with his signature neoclassical style of witty, light and quick melodies juxtaposed with slow, haunting melodies and harmonies. Wind Quintet No. 1, written in 1948 and dedicated to the Orchestre National de Paris Wind Quintet, is full of syncopations, musical jokes and ironic dissonances.
Carl Nielsen was a Danish composer, conductor, teacher, violinist and writer who grew up on the island of Funen. His styles range from romanticism to neoclassicism and he is best known for his six symphonies, his strophic songs, his concertos for violin, clarinet flute, and this wind quintet. Wind Quintet was written in 1922 for the Copenhagen Wind Quintet and was composed for the specific personalities in the group. Opposing characters, emotions and interactions are heard between his musical conversations and interjections between various instruments.
Heitor Villa-Lobos was a Brazilian composer from Rio de Janeiro. He was urged by Darius Milhaud and Arthur Rubinstein to share his exotic Brazilian melodies with more of Europe, so Villa-Lobos moved to Paris in 1923. He composed a series of works under the title chôros, which he describes as “…a new form of musical composition in which synthesizes the different modalities of Brazilian, Indian and popular music, having for principal elements Rhythm, and any typical Melody of popular character [sic].” Quintette en forma de chôros is a single movement work composed in 1928, with the original composition for English horn instead of the traditional wind quintet instrumentation with French horn. The traditional arrangement was published in 1953. This wild composition is meant to reflect the Brazilian jungle, indigenous dance rhythms and shrieking tropical birds; it aims to awake your inner adventurer.